Sgip i gynnwys

Morgannwg

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Vol. 38 1994

Landownership changes in a Glamorgan parish, 1750-1850: The case of Llangyfelach.

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Rhys Phillips described him as 'A great church builder, strong churchman and
generous landlord.44 Indeed, his outstanding public service record and
patriarchal leadership makes his name synonymous with the growth of Victorian
Neath.
The second largest purchaser was William Gronow (1771-1830) of Court
Herbert, Neath. In 1821, he purchased four properties for  3,000, all of which
were located in the hamlet of Rhyndwyglydach Lower and totalling 332 acres.45
Among them was the 188 acre farm of Alltyfanog which, according to Rice
Merrick, was one of four 'ancient houses of the family of Hywel Melyn'.46 Until
the Briton Ferry estate came on to the market Gronow had not owned any land in
the parish. He also acquired Cefn Eithrim Genol (83 acres) in 1820/1, which had
previously been in the ownership of a Miss Williams and adjoined his recently
acquired Briton Ferry estate land.47 His son, Revd Thomas Gronow, inherited in
1830.48
Two other 'emerging' families can be cited as benefiting from the
dismemberment of the Briton Ferry estate: the Cook family from Clydach and the
Martins of Ynystawe. John Cook (1759-1832) acquired three properties: Tyr Dan
y Graig Felin Fach (Graig Felin), Tyr y Lone, both in Rhyndwyglydach Lower,
and Porkin, a smallholding, in Clase Higher, close to the border with
Rhyndwyglydach.49 John Cook's kinswoman, Ann, also acquired Cefn y Pare, a
52 acre farm in Rhyndwyglydach Lower.50 A family of farmers, surgeons and
industrialists, the Cooks had probably originated in Scotland and were to be
conspicuous in the Clydach district, John himself being prominent in the
Ynyspenllwch tinplate works.51
The tithe apportionment records the Cook family owning over 450 acres in the
parish. They also occupied a further 280 acres. The principal Cook landowner
was Herbert Daniel Cook (c. 1818-77), a land agent and the son of John Cook by
his second marriage. He owned seven holdings totalling 398 acres, of which 183
were contiguous and concentrated in the hamlet of Clase Higher: Gellywastad (86
acres), Pant yr Uchedydd (47 acres), Penrhiwgwysfa (44 acres) and Porkin (6
acres). The other three holdings, totalling 215 acres, were in Rhyndwyglydach
hamlet. Two, Graig Felin (58 acres) and Tyr y Lone (33 acres), were in the lower
division, whereas Coed Cae Mawr (124 acres) was in the higher division, the
latter being acquired by his father John, to the disappointment of Lewis Weston
Dillwyn. H. D. Cook is named as owner-occupier of Penrhiwgwysfa on the tithe
apportionment (although the 1841 census enumerator's book shows it being
occupied by a non-agricultural head), the remaining holdings including Pant yr
Uchedydd (occupied by Bedlington Cook, his half brother) being let out to
tenants.52
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Cynhyrchwyd y testun hwn yn awtomatig o’r dudalen sydd wedi’i sganio ac nid yw wedi’i gwirio. Yn gyffredinol mae cywirdeb y llythrennau yn uwch na 99%, ond hyd yn oed wedyn gedy hyn un camgymeriad i bob can llythyren.

Crëwyd a chyhoeddwyd y fersiwn digidol hwn o'r cylchgrawn yn unol â thrwydded a roddwyd gan y cyhoeddwr. Gellir defnyddio'r deunydd ynddo ar gyfer unrhyw bwrpas gan barchu hawliau moesol y crewyr.